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Investors & Companies

IVC helps you to gain a better understanding of investment terminology. Whether you’re searching for the latest deal flow, potential investors or angels, this list will help you perform your searches quickly and efficiently. If you’re not sure where to look, use our Advanced Search to locate companies and key executives.

Investment Entities

Angel Investor

An individual who provides capital to one or more startup companies.

Corporate Venture Capital (CVC)

A subsidiary of a large corporation, which makes venture capital investments.

Equity Fund

A fund which invests primarily in stocks, usually common stocks.

Fund of Funds

A fund which invests in other funds.

Hedge Fund

A fund, usually used by wealthy individuals and institutions which is allowed to use aggressive strategies that are unavailable to mutual funds, including selling short, leverage, program trading, swaps, arbitrage, and derivatives. Since they are restricted by law to less than 100 investors, the minimum investment is typically $1 million. The general partner usually receives performance-based compensation. Hedge funds are not common in Israel.

Holding Company

A company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors. Also called a parent company.

Incubator

A company or facility designed to foster entrepreneurship and help startup companies, usually technology-related, to grow through the use of shared resources and intellectual capital.

Investment Company

A firm that invests the pooled funds of retail investors for a fee. There are two types: open-end (mutual funds) and closed-end (investment trusts).

Management Company

The firm that organizes, manages, and administers funds.

Mutual Fund

An open-ended fund operated by an investment company, which raises money from shareholders and invests in a group of assets, in accordance with a stated set of objectives. Benefits include diversification and professional money management. Shares are issued and redeemed on demand, based on the fund's net asset value, which is determined at the end of each trading session.

Secondary Fund

A fund which purchases a security from another investor rather than the issuer, subsequent to the original issuance in the primary market.

Turnaround Fund

A private equity fund, which invests in troubled companies to cause a sharp, positive reversal in their performance.

Venture Capital (VC) Fund

Funds made available for startup firms and small businesses with exceptional growth potential. Managerial and technical expertise are often also provided. Also called risk capital.

Venture Capital Limited Partnership

Limited partnership that is formed to invest in small startup businesses with exceptional growth potential.


Company Terminology

Israel-related Company

A company which isn't listed in Israel but has at least one of the following characteristics: Headquartered in Israel; Has an R&D center in Israel; Has senior Israeli management or received funding from an Israeli company.

Spin Off

An independent company created from an existing part of another company through sale or distribution of new shares.

Startup

A new business venture in its earliest stages of development.

 

Company Stages and Status

Seed

A startup company, which is in its early days of product development and fund raising.  
Research and Development (R&D) Discovering new knowledge about products, processes, and services, and then applying that knowledge to create new and improved products, processes, and services that fill market needs.

Research and Development (R&D)

Discovering new knowledge about products, processes, and services, and then applying that knowledge to create new and improved products, processes, and services that fill market needs.

Mezzanine level

A term used to describe a company which is somewhere between startup and IPO. Venture capital committed at this level usually has less risk but less potential appreciation than at the startup level, and more risk but more potential appreciation than in an IPO.  

Initial Revenue

A company whose yearly revenue does not exceed $10 million dollars.

Revenue Growth

A company whose yearly revenues exceed $10 million dollars and has a double digit yearly growth rate.

Ceased to Operate

When a company or project is listed as “Ceased to Operate” on IVC-Online*, it means that the company or project is no longer operating in its latest reported offices and the known communication channels with such company or project are not operating. “Ceased to Operate” does not necessarily mean the company or project is liquidated or dissolved.

Suspended Operations

When a company or project is listed as “Suspended Operations” on IVC-Online* it means that the company or project has suspended its R&D activity. However, such company or project can still have an IP (Intellectual Property) that it is interested in selling or offering integration services through third parties. It is possible that a company or project under suspension may, in the future, be re-operating and the listing can be reversed when IVC is so notified.

*Please note: It is important to understand that IVC lists companies or projects as “Suspend Operations” or "Ceased to Operate" only after confirming with either one of the founders or senior executives of the above mentioned. If the company or project or the above mentioned personnel cannot be contacted after numerous attempts, IVC then lists the company or project as “Ceased to Operate”.
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